A guide to understand my baby’s burping and spitting up

When caring for your newborn, one of the first new parent skills you’ll learn is burping your little one. Every burp your baby makes, serves a purpose. Why do babies burp? Is burping my baby after meals important? Getting your degree on this new skill will take you on a journey filled with joys, dribble and of course, extra loads of laundry.

The art of burping

Burping is caused by air swallowing; a burp is the release of the gas up the esophagus and out of the mouth. Burping your baby is a way you can help him get rid of gas and settle his stomach.

Fussiness and gas often go hand-in-hand in babies. When your baby is born, his tummy is the size of a marble, it will grow to be the size of an egg around day 10, and eventually the size of a softball. Since your little one’s digestive system is developing he might experience some discomfort associated with gas that he might need your help with.

Burping your baby

When bottle feeding, give your baby a chance to burp midway through and at the end of the feeding. Keep the nipple full of formula throughout the feeding, this will reduce the air ingestion. When breastfeeding, give him a chance to burp when you switch breasts, and after the feeding.

These are some effective burping positions:

  1. Over your shoulder: Hold your baby against your chest with his head supported on your shoulder. Gently pat his back with your hand.
  2. Across your lap: Gently lay your baby face down across your legs, making sure that his head is supported. Softly rub his back.
  3. Sitting on your lap: Sit your baby on your lap, supporting his chin with one hand. Lean your baby forward and gently pat his back.

Spitting up and vomiting

Most babies spit up after eating, specially at first. When your baby’s stomach is full, or his position is changed suddenly after a feeding, the milk inside his stomach can flood back up the esophagus. There’s a difference between spitting up and vomiting. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) defines vomiting as “forceful throwing up of stomach contents through the mouth”. Some babies vomit occasionally, if the vomiting is recurrent and continues is best to consult your baby’s doctor. A spit-up, is defined as “easy flow of stomach contents out of the mouth, frequently with a burp or wet burps”.  Spitting up 1 or 2 mouthfuls of milk at a time with no effort or crying is a normal symptom in young babies. This is when burping cloths come in handy. Some babies spit more than others, a few ‘heavy spitters’ will continue to do so until they start to walk.

Every baby is different, it’s okay not to get a burp with every burping attempt. In general, breastfed babies tend to burp less than bottle-fed babies. This is because they tend to swallow less air when feeding. The same happens to babies that like being fed in a more upright position; naturally, they’ll have less trapped air than those who eat in a more horizontal position.

Some tips to reduce the spit-up and making your baby more comfortable

  • Respect your baby’s time for meals. Feeding him before he’s too hungry will reduce the chance of him eating too much, too quickly or swallowing more air in the attempt to eat.
  • Hold your baby in an upright position, maintaining his head above his abdomen.
  • Position the bottle correctly, tilting it a little so there’s no airways. If your baby is breastfed, make sure he is properly latching on to the nipple. This will reduce the chance of your baby swallowing too much air, causing indigestion.
  • Changing your baby’s position can help move those gas bubbles that need to be released.
  • Give your baby a nice calm environment when feeding, this will make him feel more comfortable and not rushed.

Something to keep in mind

Relax and enjoy your baby. There’s no definitive age to stop burping your baby, but as your little one gets older his digestive system will become stronger, making burping him less necessary. There is also no ‘right way’ to go about burping your baby. As a new parent, feel the liberty to try multiple combinations of feeding and burping positions and find out what works best when taking care of your little one.

 

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