Fine motor skills: The art of scribbling and writing PART 1

Scribbling is one of the first steps your little one takes to understand writing and language. Educational Research and Reviews journal mentions that random scribbles are followed by controlled movements and that all scribbling behaviors before age 5 are indispensable for the reading and writing readiness of children. With every scribble your little one fosters her hand and finger control, thinking skills, and overall understanding of language. At first, she’ll be astonished by what these things called crayons can do. As she discovers the link between her hand movements and the line on the piece of paper, she’ll start experimenting with the symbolization of her marks and increase the control she has over her muscles. The experiences your little one has during these months are crucial for the development of her fine motor abilities; she’ll learn about the complexity of how to hold a crayon and control the amount of force, pressure, and speed she uses when drawing.

Like any other developmental process, scribbling and coloring happen over a wide window of time. It usually starts at around 14 months and goes over 48+ months, when your child is ready to start using letters. At first your little one will start experimenting with crayons and do large shoulder movements. What might seem to be random scribbling will be her way of expressing and communicating with the outside world. She’ll then move on to a more controlled form of scribbling. You’ll see her making movements with her wrist, while her shoulder is steady. She’ll be able to trace lines, experiment with different grasps for the crayon or marker, and, eventually, hold them between her thumb and index.

At around 25 months of age she’ll move on to more precise movements with her fingers. Her proprioceptive-kinesthetic awareness will show her how much pressure to put on each finger and how to separate them to get a better grip on the crayon. She’ll start making more complex patterns as she explores horizontal, vertical, and circular movements. She might not write actual letters, but with her precise movements she’ll show you the meaning in the dots, curves, and even letter components of her drawings.

Keep reading part 2 of this article to learn how your little one transitions to more complex movements in her drawings.

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