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How does music affect your child’s socioemotional development? – Part 1

several parents and kids in a playdate

Key points:
1. Secure attachment in early years is crucial for future emotional development.
2. Positive environment fosters trust and self-awareness.
3. Musical interactions promote understanding and self-regulation.
4. Music boosts self-confidence and parent-child bonds.

During their first years of life, babies develop an attachment to their parents. Building this bond depends on the quality of the interactions you have with your little one. This includes all non-verbal communication and responding to your baby’s movements, gestures, and sounds. How you enable your child to feel secure will impact on how they interact, communicate, and build relationships throughout his life.

During their early years, the kind of emotional and physical care that you provide to your baby will lay a foundation for their future cognitive and socio-emotional development. A positive, caring, and stimulating environment promotes a secure attachment between you and your little one. That means that the emotional bond between you two makes them feel safe and promotes an optimal development of their nervous system. It provides them with a healthy self-awareness and foundation to trust others. An insecure attachment fails to provide safety for the child and can result in confusion of their own identity and difficulty building relationships with others.


Musical experiences can play an important role in the brain-building connections for life-long social skills. Research shows that early music-based interactions between parents and their babies provide the parents with insights regarding their baby’s movements. In a study of lullaby singing and babies, mothers reported that singing lullabies facilitated a deeper understanding of their babies’ responses while also enhancing their own feelings associated with motherhood. Lullabies can also help you support your baby’s self-regulation. As you soothe your little one, you’ll foster their ability to sooth themselves, preparing them for future skills in managing their emotional state and needs. You can also foster self-regulation in your toddler by dancing to the beat of a song and standing still when the music stops.

Experimenting with music also gives your little one a chance to enhance their self-confidence and self-esteem. As you sing with them try to maintain eye contact and use their name in the songs; notice which songs and rhythms they seem to enjoy most. Encouraging even the simplest of interactions, like shaking a rattle or playing with a tambourine, can make your child feel capable and competent. Remember that your little one learns a lot through imitation, so if you teach them how to use an instrument, they’ll learn how to manipulate it by themselves. This gives you an opportunity to foster taking turns and sharing. Try sharing an instrument or even taking turns repeating sounds back and forth and making music of your own. You’ll not only have lots of fun, but you’ll foster your bond and strengthen your relationship; growing your sense of happiness and well-being.

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