Parenting styles

parents holding their daughter's hand while walking
Due to recent scientific discoveries about human development, we now know how important the first years of life really are. The best way to prepare for this is by talking to your partner about your baby’s education, and the way you want to raise {him/her}. According to several studies, parents are a big component to their child’s behavior, personality, and self-esteem. Diana Baumrind is a psychologist that has studied the effects that different parenting styles have had on children. According to Baumrind, parenting styles have two dimensions: control or demand, and affection. The authoritarian style is based on inflexibility, demands, and control, with no affection or response to the child’s needs. These parents tend to be very demanding, as they base themselves on firm discipline. The democratic style is based on discipline, but it’s also versatile, showing affection and responding to the child’s needs. The permissive style is based on excessive affection, with no discipline or boundaries. And the low responsive style or negligent style is based on rejection, lack of discipline, and lack of affection. These are non-involved and irresponsive parents.

Baumrind found that children had some characteristics in common depending on the parenting style applied. For example, children who were raised by authoritarian parents tended to have low self-esteem, were unhappy, insecure and unfriendly. Children who were raised by democratic parents were competent, happy and self-sufficient. Children who were raised by permissive parents were dependent, immature, lacked self-control, and had low academic performance. Lastly, children who had negligent parents had issues with attachment, problems with other children, and few friends.

Baumrind model on raising styles helps parents understand more about parenting styles, and why some of these are more effective than others. We know children need discipline, but we also know that affection is key for successful human development. According to the effects we reviewed, the ideal parenting style is the democratic. Parents should set limits, but also be affectionate and responsive to their child’s needs.


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