pregnant woman holding a glass of wine and a cigarette

Risks of alcohol during pregnancy

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According to WHO (World Health Organization), around 276.000 newborns die each year due to some birth defect. The birth defects could be an effect from the environment, genetics, or an infection. Although it’s hard to pinpoint a specific reason for the anomaly, alcohol consumption is the main cause that could have been prevented.

The consequences that come from alcohol consumption are also known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FAFB). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAFB) is the gravest and it embodies a series of physical, learning and behavioral issues. Some symptoms or signs of the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome are: facial and hearing abnormalities, heart, bone and kidney issues, intellectual disability, low birth weight, small head and short height,  vision impairment, and language delays.

There’s no cure for this syndrome, however, early treatment and intervention could reduce the fatalities and enhance the baby’s development. For example, behavioral therapy, special education, early diagnosis (before the baby is 6 years old), a stable and peaceful environment, and parents who are trained to deal with this issue could all make a huge difference on the baby’s future development.

If you’re pregnant, remember that alcohol consumption isn’t safe at any stage. Alcohol must be completely cut through your whole pregnancy.


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