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What causes vaginal candidiasis and how can I prevent it?

pregnant woman

Vaginal candidiasis, also known as a yeast infection, occurs when there is an overgrowth of the fungus Candida in the vaginal walls. It’s important to note that a small amount of Candida is normal, but an overgrowth can lead to an infection. This condition is common during pregnancy due to increased estrogen levels, which promote the production of glycogen in the vagina. Glycogen serves as a food source for the fungus, allowing it to multiply.

The most common symptoms of vaginal candidiasis include creamy vaginal discharge, a burning sensation during urination, pain, redness, and itchiness around the vagina or labia. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to consult your doctor for proper screening. Seeking professional advice is crucial because these symptoms can sometimes be confused with other types of infections, including sexually transmitted diseases.


It’s important to note that vaginal candidiasis is not harmful to your baby. However, there is a possibility of your baby acquiring the infection during birth. The good news is that if this occurs, it can be treated easily and effectively.

To help prevent vaginal candidiasis, consider the following tips:

  • Avoid excessive moisture in the genital area.
  • Opt for breathable cotton underwear.
  • Avoid wearing synthetic pants that can trap moisture.
  • Consider sleeping without underwear to promote better ventilation.
  • Cleanse your genital area with water and avoid vaginal douching.

By following these preventive measures, you can reduce the risk of developing vaginal candidiasis and maintain your overall vaginal health during pregnancy. Remember, if you have any concerns or experience symptoms, consult your healthcare provider for appropriate diagnosis and treatment.

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