Diaper rashes are very common in babies. Despite your efforts of changing diapers frequently and cleaning his bottom really well, your baby may experience it. The good news is that it is generally easy to treat and it can be cured in a few days.

What are the causes of diaper rashes?

Rashes occur when bacteria, moisture, fungus, soap scum, feces, and urine are mixed in a diaper. These components, along with the natural body heat, can damage the top layer of the skin, resulting in a rash. Other causes include prolonged exposure to a dirty diaper and the use of antibiotics, which eliminate both good and bad bacteria, sometimes leading to infection. The introduction of new products, such as cleaning or detergent wipes, lotions, or new baby powder may irritate the skin. Likewise, the introduction of solid foods will change the components and frequency of feces.

What does a rash look like?

When a baby has a diaper rash, the skin in the diaper area looks swollen, irritated, and red.

How do I treat a diaper rash?

To treat a diaper rash, it is very important to keep your baby’s skin as clean and dry as possible. If you use wipes, try to reduce their use or avoid using them at all while skin is reddish, even if they are hypo-allergenic. Instead, clean the affected area with water and cotton, gently patting the skin without rubbing it. After cleaning, don’t forget to let the skin dry completely. Once your baby is dry, put on a new diaper. You can opt for a slightly larger diaper and loose clothing so that the diaper is not too close to the skin, and it stays dry.

You can apply protective cream that doesn’t contain fragrances, preservatives, or ingredients that can irritate your baby’s skin or be harmful when absorbed. It’s best to choose a mild cream containing zinc oxide. Consult your pediatrician, he/she will recommend the best options. Remember not to use home remedies without first consulting your doctor.

When should I consult my pediatrician?

If the rash doesn’t improve in 3 or 4 days, and pimples, blisters, pus, or a fever appear, don’t hesitate to consult your pediatrician. Especially if the rash spreads outside of the diaper area or you see that rash is severe.

What can I do to prevent a diaper rash?

  • Change your baby’s diapers frequently.
  • Avoid diapers with high absorption (these are usually changed less).
  • Avoid using too many baby wipes.
  • Let skin dry out completely before putting on a fresh diaper.
  • Wash your hands before and after changing a diaper.
  • If your baby uses cloth diapers, make sure they are very clean, and the detergent used is mild, fragrance-free, and rinse them out twice.
  • Make sure your baby’s diapers are not too tight so that the skin can breathe.